Social disparity and inequalities across South Wales was the inspiration behind the poetry which won the chair this year.
Gwynfor Dafydd, 18, from Tonyrefail in Rhondda Cynon Taf was announced as this year’s winner at a ceremony on the pavilion stage on Thursday.
The chair is presented to the winning bard for composing strict meter or free verse poetry of no more than 100 lines.
Gwynfor, who is a pupil at Ysgol Llanhari, wrote his poem about the post-industry valleys of South Wales.
He said: “It’s a poem about challenging the establishment and social disparity and inequalities and the problems that come hand in hand with that.
“Socialism is very close to my heart. In South Wales we have a higher level of poverty and unemployment and I wanted that frustration to come across.”
“He has illustrated his passion and anger skilfully”
Following his A-Levels he hopes to go to Christ’s College Cambridge to study Spanish and German ab initio.
And he is a familiar face on the Eisteddfod stage having competed with Adran Bro Taf in clog dancing, folk dancing and reciting competitions for a number of years.
The adjudicators of the chair competition were Gwenallt Llwyd Ifan and Hywel Griffiths, who said: “We believe he was inspired to write the poem following a downbeat programme by the BBC about poverty in the area.
“He has illustrated his passion and anger skilfully, in an innovative and imaginative manor and he is a truly deserving winner.”
This year’s chair was made by carpenter, Neil Wyn Jones, using ash wood with strips of steel running down the back to represent the River Dee and the River Alun and the outline of Moel Famau at the top of the chair.
The Urdd logo has been created using silver, copper and oxidised copper, and elements of Flintshire Bridge can be seen clearly in the design.
Neil, a Welsh language tutor with Bangor University and Coleg Cambria, created the chair during the holidays and at the weekend.
He said, “The chair is a simple design which reflects my work. I’ve used ash and a little bit of sycamore, keeping the whole look light.”
Siôn Jenkins from Pembrokeshire came second in the competition, with Gethin Wynn Davies from Cardiff and the Vale coming third.